Early Life c.1285: Born, probably in village of Ockham near London.

By noting the discrepancies between faith and reason, and by noting the limits of reason, Scotus tries to set theology free from being determined by philosophy.

But by separating theology from philosophy, he also sets reason free.

Other works include commentaries on Aristotle’s Metaphysics and Categories. Contraction: the principle whereby universal properties exist only through their particulars.

God: infinite being, apparent to us as infinite love.

Ciccarelli Life Stories Biographical Sources Scanty information about early life and schooling, including date of birth.

Adams gives 1347 as the date of his death, not 1349, and the Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church supports this.

The Franciscans, by contrast (Bonaventure, Scotus, Ockham) looked to Augustine as warrant for their affirmation that will was an indispensable and prominent support to reason in the cultivation of faith.

For example, Scotus insisted that reason needs to be qualified by loving action, and Ockham urges that reason cannot show how things ought to be, for they are fundamentally contingent on the divine will.

The final editing of the work was interrupted by his death.

Quaestiones Quodlibetales, written while regent master in Paris, reflects his most mature thinking. Tractatus de Primo Principio, one of his last works, was a short compendium on natural theology drawing heavily on Ordinatio.

The child that grew up in the Middle Ages under the control, tutelage, and guidance of theologians is now liberated.