Of this total, 10,643 were beads or bead fragments, and the remaining artifacts were metal, glass, bone, and fabric objects.

A total of 11,893 historic artifacts of Euro-American origin were examined from the excavations at Tomotley.

The immediate goals of this research were to identify, quantify and measure all historic artifacts recovered during excavations at Tomotley, to classify the artifacts according to a functional scheme set up by South (1977: 95-96) and revised by Newman (1977: 20) and Ford (1979: 42), and to determine (where possible) occupation and deposition dates of relevant historic features and other excavation units.

A portion of the metal artifacts were cleaned and stabilized by Tom Ford at the Metal Conservation Laboratory, Department of Anthropology, University of Tennessee.

This process revealed many maker's marks (especially on gunparts) which provided aid in identification of manufacturing dates.

The descriptions for each artifact include information (where obtainable) regarding functional group (personal, kitchen, activity, etc.), the condition of each item (corroded, modified, broken, etc.), dating or cultural period assignment (1743 coin, post 1760, or Colonial Period), and the archaeological significance of the artifact type in the overall cultural assemblage from Tomotley.

Table II.1 is a compilation of trade items identified from historic artifacts at Tomotley and which appear on various trade records of the four cultural periods.

All Euro-American artifacts recovered from the 19 archaeological excavations at Tomotley were examined.

This examination included taking measurements, making functional identification, quantifying, and assigning dates (where possible).

Perishable items were not included with the exception of food stuffs, presumably represented in the archaeological record by appropriate containers (i.e., rum bottle, snuff box).