Narratives used to extract money from the victims of romantic scams include the following: Some romance scammers seek out a niche of various fetishes where they will find an obscure fetish and they will make the victim think that if they pay for the scammer's plane ticket, they will get to live out a sexual fantasy of theirs by having the scammer come to them to have sex.

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Victims may be invited to travel to the scammer's country; in some cases the victims arrive with asked-for gift money for family members or bribes for corrupt officials, and then they are beaten and robbed or murdered.

A rapidly growing technique scammers are using is to impersonate American military personnel.

Letters are exchanged between the scammer and victim until the scammer feels they have groomed the victim enough to ask for money.

This might be for requests for gas money or bus and airplane tickets to travel to visit the victim, medical expenses, education expenses etc.

There is usually the promise that the fictitious character will one day join the victim in the victim's country.

The scam usually ends when the victim realizes they are being scammed or stops sending money.

The scammer keeps the victim believing that they are sincere, until they are able to build up enough rapport to ask for thousands of dollars to help bring the gold into the victim's country.

The scammer will offer to fly to the victim's country to prove that they are a real person. However, when the victim goes to meet the scammer they never show up.

Some scammers may also use Bitcoin as an alternative payment method.

Sensitive people are more vulnerable to online dating scams, based on a study conducted by the British Psychological Society.

The victim contacts the scammer to ask what happened.