Immanuel Velikovsky who brought up a theory that the Ipuwer papyrus is a source of evidence for the events of the Exodus, from the Old Testament.

Scholars usually agree that the Exodus events would have taken place at some point around the New Kingdom of Egypt (circa 1573 BCE).

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Although this papyrus was brought out of its hidden place in 1828, it was not until 1909 that Alan Gardiner challenged the document and began studying its content.

The nature of the message in the Ipuwer papyrus depicts violence and chaos in Egypt. Lange, evidence does validate the idea that the Ipuwer papyrus was written during the Middle Kingdom, as the language style and vocabulary corresponds to those used during that era. Lange says that there are indications that the manuscript was copied from an older version, perhaps dating from the beginning of the 18th Dynasty (circa 1550 BC to 1292 BC).

“The contents of this papyrus have an oddly familiar ring to those who know their Old Testament. Blood is everywhere…The river is blood…Gates, columns and walls are consumed by fire…. Literary analyses would put the original, of which the Leiden papyrus is a copy, at some time during the Egyptian Middle Kingdom and the very beginning of the turbulent Hyksos period.

Marina has an undergraduate degree in Anthropology focused on ancient human evolution and archaeology She did a post graduate year of studies in Renaissance History and discovered among many things that her passion belongs to the ancient world Marina is... Whenever anyone translates from one language to another there are always problems (i.e. After all, the name Egypt comes from the Greeks corrupting the word Hout ka-Ptah (meaning "Castle of the ka of Ptah) into Aegypt.

Scandinavian mythology claims the Kraken swallowed up whales and devoured ships.

It has been described as a huge version of an octopus or squid.

The first section is missing so we do not know if this is a factual account or a “fiction”.

Hopefully, another copy will someday be uncovered in the sands of Egypt so that we will have a complete account to read.

The Ipuwer papyrus, also known as the ‘Admonitions of Ipuwer’, is a controversial text that describes starvation, drought, death, and violent upheavals in ancient Egypt, with some maintaining that it is an eyewitness account of the Exodus plagues.

Neither the beginning nor end of this work was preserved, leaving historians with difficulty in interpreting the material and reaching a final conclusion about the events it describes.

Unfortunately, I cannot read Hieroglyphics so I must rely on the translation of others but I agree with researcher A. a rich man who now wears rags and a girl who had to look at her reflection in water but now owns a mirror, among others).