Two more species were introduced but are now extirpated and an additional 11 species and a species pair are hypothetical as defined below.This list is presented in the taxonomic sequence of the Check-list of North American Birds, 7th edition through the 58th Supplement, published by the American Ornithological Society (AOS).Common and scientific names are also those of the Check-list.

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The following tags are used to designate some species: Family: Anatidae The family Anatidae includes the ducks and most duck-like waterfowl, such as geese and swans.

These birds are adapted to an aquatic existence with webbed feet, bills which are flattened to a greater or lesser extent, and feathers that are excellent at shedding water due to special oils. Family: Odontophoridae The New World quails are small, plump terrestrial birds only distantly related to the quails of the Old World, but named for their similar appearance and habits. Family: Phasianidae Phasianidae consists of the pheasants and their allies.

This list of birds of Maine is a comprehensive listing of all the bird species recorded in the U. This list contains 452 documented species, of which 120 are rare or accidental, five have been introduced and are established, and three are extinct.

This list is published by the Maine Bird Records Committee (MBRC) and is dated 11 January 2017.

These birds have very short legs and never settle voluntarily on the ground, perching instead only on vertical surfaces. Family: Rallidae Rallidae is a large family of small to medium-sized birds which includes the rails, crakes, coots, and gallinules.

Many swifts have long swept-back wings which resemble a crescent or boomerang. Family: Trochilidae Hummingbirds are small birds capable of hovering in mid-air due to the rapid flapping of their wings. The most typical family members occupy dense vegetation in damp environments near lakes, swamps, or rivers.

They are typically gray or white, often with black markings on the head or wings. Their long wings have black markings, as does the head. Family: Gaviidae Loons are aquatic birds, the size of a large duck, to which they are unrelated.

Their plumage is largely gray or black, and they have spear-shaped bills. Family: Ciconiidae Storks are large, heavy, long-legged, long-necked wading birds with long stout bills and wide wingspans. Family: Fregatidae Frigatebirds are large seabirds usually found over tropical oceans. Family: Pelecanidae Pelicans are very large water birds with a distinctive pouch under their beak.

These birds are of variable size with slender bodies, long tails, and strong legs. Family: Caprimulgidae Nightjars are medium-sized nocturnal birds that usually nest on the ground.

They have long wings, short legs, and very short bills.

With wingspans of 1.5–1.8 meters (almost 6 feet), the turkeys are the largest birds in the open forests in which they live and are rarely mistaken for any other species.