No doubt, this is a most reasonable lens to examine the scaffoldings of a religion like Judaism that more often emphasizes rituals and deeds rather than miracles and creeds.The role of institutional halakhic bodies to determine the contours of religious movements can be measured along historical lines.

Actually, advocates of the liberal sector of Orthodoxy have also found it more useful to enumerate their organizations and seminaries rather than issue dissertations on theology.

A case in point: Rabbi Zev Farber published an essay that questioned the divine authorship of the Torah.

Yet, it was also true that despite the emergence of these institutions, it was far from easy to determine the differences between an “Orthodox” congregation and a “Conservative” synagogue in the United States.

On the whole, neither was attended by strict Sabbath observers.

The CJLS was one of several institutions that helped form the Conservative Movement.

To be sure, the establishment of the Jewish Theological Seminary (1886) and its Alumni Association (1901), along with the United Synagogue (1913) were all pivotal steps toward the “birth” of Conservative Judaism.

Institutions are important to the emergence of Jewish religious movements, particularly those that dictate the parameters of Halakhah and religious change.

In fact, most of the above-listed organizations that drive the so-called “new spirit” actively engage in discussions—to some degree or another—on the revaluations of Jewish law.

Henceforth, these organizations—and, eventually, the Central Conference of American Rabbis (1889)—determined ritual matters and religious law for Reform Jewish circles and moved liberal Jews much farther away from their traditionalist counterparts.