This is generally attributed to James Hutton who lived about 100 years before Darwin.

radioactive dating disproved-39radioactive dating disproved-29

So some science is about understanding the dynamics of the universe—what might be called ‘Operational Science’, because it studies how the universe operates.

Things like cosmology—and evolution, paleontology and parts of geology—are about trying to reconstruct history—of the universe, of life on Earth and of the Earth itself, respectively.

The interpretation of data will depend, not only on the theoretical model being used, but on the presuppositions that the interpreter brings to the interpretation.

An example of this would be the court room where there is one set of ‘data’—the collection of evidence presented by both the prosecution and defence—but two interpretations based on two different presuppositions, namely the guilt or innocence of the accused.

” (short answer: “No”)—as the backbone for guiding the discussion since it covers a lot of different scientific disciplines.

At the beginning of this, I make the following general points about science.The fundamental presupposition that has been imposed on the interpretation of scientific data is that of naturalism (nature is all that there is), also referred to as materialism (matter is all that there is).However, this presupposition is not required by science but has been arbitrarily imposed on science in order to achieve an objective that is actually outside the realm of science.Each of these was, in its day, considered to be ‘settled science’ by the vast majority of scientists, but all were wrong. Scientific measurements can only disprove theories or be consistent with them.Any theory that is consistent with measurements could be disproved by a future measurement.—Charles Bennett, Professor of Physics and Astronomy at John Hopkins University Even many scientists must be reminded of the logical limitations of science.It’s an important conceptual point, and we blew it.” So the best that science can do is to provide data that are consistent with a theory and, as a result, the only thing that can be concluded is that the theory is not wrong—at least not according to the data from this experiment.