Dramatic changes in the labor force might not have been possible if Khomeini had not broken the barriers to women entering into the public sphere unchaperoned.

Women were also more likely to pursue higher education, a product of the free education and the literacy campaigns.

Another way the chador helped in Iranian society was it enabled women to be a unified force.

A woman that does not have a reception room in her house would have to rush to get properly dressed before her husband would answer the door.

If a woman is by herself or just in the company of other women in the home, the door would not be answered because na-mahram men and women would not have business together.

Danesh (1907) was the first specialized journal focusing on women's issues.

Later, Shokoufeh, Nameie Banovan, Alam e Nesvan, and Nesvan e Vatan Khah were published in Tehran.

Many upper-class homes in Iran have a reception room where na-mahram guests are received and entertained.

This room is usually very well decorated and women typically do not go in this room but stay in the rest of the house while a guest is over.

The chador is a highly modest, usually black or dark outfit that covers the top of a woman’s head and loosely covers her body to her feet.

The roopoosh or manteau is a long top similar to a trench coat.

In May 1997, the overwhelming majority of women voted for Mohammad Khatami, a reformist cleric who promised more political freedom.

His election brought a period during which women became increasingly bold in expressing ideas, demands, and criticisms.

Today, more women than men are pursuing higher education in Iran even though the Islamic Republic tries to limit women to domains exclusive to women.