The castle rock has been strategically significant since at least the Roman occupation of Britain, due to its naturally defensible crag and tail hill: the bedrock on which Stirling Castle was built.

However, if the Romans were ever on the current castle site then they didn't leave more than a coin or two.

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On their consequent retreat northwards, they blew up the church of St.

Ninians where they had been storing munitions; only the tower survived and can be seen to this day.

Nevertheless, Stirling enjoys a unique position on the border between the Lowlands and Highlands.

Its other notable geographic feature is its proximity to the lowest site of subjugation of the River Forth.

The Stirling seal only has the second part and it's slightly different.

Stirling was first declared a royal burgh by King David in the 12th century, with later charters reaffirmed by subsequent monarchs.

On the top they reportedly raised a crucifix with the inscription: "Anglos, a Scotis separat, crux ista remotis; Arma hic stant Bruti; stant Scoti hac sub cruce tuti." Bellenden translated this loosely as "I am free marche, as passengers may ken, To Scottis, to Britonis, and to Inglismen." It may be the stone cross was a tripoint for the three kingdom’s borders or marches; “Angles and Scots here demarked, By this cross kept apart.

Brits and Scots armed stand near, By this cross stand safe here.” This would make the cross on the centre of the first stone bridge the Heart of Scotland.

It was rebuilt in the 15th century after Stirling suffered a catastrophic fire in 1405, and is reputed to be the only surviving church in the United Kingdom apart from Westminster Abbey to have held a coronation.